# (engl.) GMAT Critical reasoning (Chapter 3, Part 3) von Robert Kuehl

### Über den Vortrag

Der Vortrag „(engl.) GMAT Critical reasoning (Chapter 3, Part 3)“ von Robert Kuehl ist Bestandteil des Kurses „GMAT Preparation“. Der Vortrag ist dabei in folgende Kapitel unterteilt:

• Introduction Critical Reasoning
• Argumentation Flaws
• Question types
• CR question 1 (easy)
• CR question 2 (easy)
• CR question 3 (easy)
• CR question 4 (easy)
• CR question 5 (easy)
• CR question 6 (easy)
• CR question 7 (medium)
• CR question 8 (medium)
• CR question 9 (medium)
• CR question 10 (medium)
• CR question 11 (medium)
• CR question 12 (hard)
• CR question 13 (hard)
• CR question 14 (hard)
• CR question 15 (hard)
• CR question 16 (hard)

### Quiz zum Vortrag

1. Premises
2. Conclusion
3. Assumptions
4. Attributes
1. Premise, premise, premise, conclusion
2. Conclusion, premise, premise, premise
3. Premise, conclusion, premise, conclusion
4. Premise, premise, conclusion, premise, premise, conclusion
1. Cause-Effect problems
2. Comparison problems
3. Statistical Flaws
4. Switching of scope
5. Reasoning problems
1. A premise, not mentioned in the text, which is necessary to make the argument valid and conclusive.
2. The main conclusion of the argument
3. A summary of all the arguments from the text
4. One of the arguments from the text
1. Through abstraction of the argument (if A, then B ...)
3. Look for an alternative cause
4. Compare the context
1. Assumption questions
2. Inference questions
4. Mimic-the-reasoning questions
5. Statement questions
1. By excluding alternative causes
2. By finding alternative causes
3. By inventing alternative causes
4. By emphasizing alternative causes
1. The argument is weakened.
2. The argument is supported.
3. The argument is excluded.
4. The argument is replaced.
1. It is about completing argumentation chains.
2. It is about finding strenghts and weaknesses in argumentation chains.
3. It is about analyzing the structure of argumentation chains.
4. It is about evaluating argumentation chains.
1. Alternative causes
2. Several significant examples
3. An error in the argument
4. A comparison error
1. Cause-Effect problem
2. Comparison problem
3. Statistical Flaws
4. Switching of scope
1. Some
2. All
3. No
4. Most
1. ... argumentation skills.
2. ... logical reasoning.
3. ... analytical thinking.
4. ... general knowledge.
1. 1 minute and 30 seconds
2. 2 minutes
3. 1 minute
4. 2-3 minutes

### Robert Kuehl

Robert wurde in New Jersey geboren und unterrichtet seit über 10 Jahren. Auf Basis seiner langjährigen Lehrerfahrung hat Robert den Englischteil des GMAT-Trainings entwickelt und seine Vorträge sind nun als Bestandteil des Kursprogramms verfügbar. Als studierter Ingenieur kommt Robert außerdem extrem gut mit Zahlen zurecht, was ihn in den letzten Jahren dazu brachte, anderen dabei zu helfen, die Mathe-Aufgaben im GMAT-Test zu knacken.

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### Auszüge aus dem Begleitmaterial

... Critical Reasoning Questions present an Argumentation and test your ability to structure, strengthen and weaken arguments. You can structure GMAT-Arguments into three parts: - Conclusion ...

... - Comparison problems (are the two situations mentioned in the text really comparable?) - Switching of scope (Are the premises really supporting the exactly same issue that ...

... the question first! Then determine the question type (next slides) and read the text passage in order to find the information you need for this question type. Read the paragraph and separate ...

... are the statistics representative? Ask yourself, “What must be true to make the conclusion valid?” Remember, since the assumption is an UNSTATED premise, any answer choice that comes from the passage to support your assumption is ...

... Find the logical gap and fix it with new information - This is the only type of GMAT question where additional information (outside of the question) can/should be used. Correct answers to ...

... inference about one of the premises . Resolve-the-paradox questions: Two contradictory facts, find an answer that allows both of the facts to be true Mimic-the-reasoning question: Simplify the argumentation ...

... records last year. To capitalize on it’s success, the company plans to launch a line of clothing for men this year that makes use of the same new soft fabrics. The clothing company’s plan assumes that (A) other clothing companies are not planning to introduce new ...

... than the winemaker charges for his. (B) The winemaker has failed to consider other options, such as cheaper production processes. (C) The winemaker’s plan will result in the production of inferior wine which, in turn, will cause a reduction in sales. (D) If the economy were to enter a period of inflation, the winemaker’s projected increase in income could be ...

... would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other resources associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control two crucial factors that can drive new business. Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the ...

... the most doubt on the conclusion drawn above? (A) The number of wild mushrooms harvested has increased in recent years. (B) Chanterelles grow not only beneath Douglas firs but also beneath other host trees. (C) Many types of wild mushrooms are found only in forests and cannot easily be ...

... potential sales is greatly overstated. Most of the chocolate eaten on the job and not paid for is eaten one piece at a time, by workers who would not be willing to buy an entire box of chocolate anyway. Which of the following if true, most weakens the argument above? ...

... for people’s mistrust of the laws of probability in the case described above? (A) complete understanding of the laws of probability requires a thorough knowledge of advanced statistical analysis techniques. (B) People who studied probability theory in an academic environment may be ill equipped to apply that knowledge to real-world situations. (C) People tend to suspend their belief in probability when they feel somewhat in control of their own fate. ...

... developing a new packaging process, which reduces material consumption. Adding the robotic assembly line will improve efficiency more than the new packaging process. Therefore, by adding robotic assembly lines, the factory will be doing the most that can be done to improve efficiency. Which of the following is an assumption on which ...

... must also be true? (A) No French painters are Vorticists. (B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works. (C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works. (D) No French painters ...

... major health concern, American doctors should encourage all people, especially those with heart disease, to eat a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables. Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the argument above? (A) the combination of soluble and insoluble fibers found in whole grains also support heart health. ...

... will not necessarily experience a decrease in their overall percentage of body fat. - The body weight of patients taking the new weight-loss drug will not necessarily decrease. - The new weight-loss drug contains no chemical that exclusively targets the body’s fat cells. - Users of the new weight-loss drug should exercise ...

... with the intention of drilling oil wells in the area soon afterwards. However, the company found that what had been reported to be a large oil deposit was actually much smaller than had been indicated. Thus, the methods that the prospector had used to determine the size of the oil deposit must have been inaccurate. Which of the following is an assumption on which the ...

... following assumptions? (A) Students who take out loans maintain better grades than those who work to finance school. (B) Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time. (C) Students who must work to pay for their studies cannot maintain better grades. ...

... released data notes that the bacterium thrives in the presence of a certain enzyme, implying that it is actually the enzyme that causes the new disease. Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication? (A) In the absence of the enzyme, the disease has been ...

... who have quit drinking beer. (B) The number of underage people who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of adults who have quit drinking beer during the same period. (C) During this year, the number of nondrinkers who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of people who have quit drinking beer. (D) The people who ...

... he or she is not a bodybuilder. Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above? (A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange. (B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, ...

... steep roads and sharp turns than has Lake County. (B) There is a greater number of drivers in Grape Valley than in Lake County. (C) Drivers in Lake County must travel to Grape Valley to shop and work. (D) Per capita, there are fewer police officers monitoring traffic ...

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