Reading Strategy and Fracking Exercise von Robert Kuehl

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Über den Vortrag

Der Vortrag „Reading Strategy and Fracking Exercise“ von Robert Kuehl ist Bestandteil des Kurses „Preparation for TOEFL“. Der Vortrag ist dabei in folgende Kapitel unterteilt:

  • Strategies
  • Exercise 1 - Fracking

Quiz zum Vortrag

  1. Reading appropriate materials
  2. Improving the vocabulary comprehension
  3. Reading articles in serious magazines
  4. Reading books for children
  1. Using word clouds
  2. Using flash cards
  3. Doing brainstorming
  4. Analyzing presentations
  1. Leak-proof
  2. Dense
  3. Tight
  4. Permeable
  5. Perforated
  1. Excessive
  2. Uncontrollable
  3. Flagrant
  4. Restrained
  5. Moderate
  1. Do not spend too much time on reading the passage - 2 to 3 minutes.
  2. Answer the easiest questions first.
  3. Do not spend too much time on reading the passage - 5 to 6 minutes.
  4. Answer the difficult questions first.
  1. A process of elimination
  2. A technique of eliminating the 2 silliest choices and concentrating in the 2 close ones
  3. A reading test strategy
  4. A strategy for the integrated writing task
  5. A strategy for taking good notes

Dozent des Vortrages Reading Strategy and Fracking Exercise

 Robert Kuehl

Robert Kuehl

Robert ist geboren in New Jersey und unterrichtet seit über 10 Jahren TOEFL Kurse mit dem klaren Ziel, Nicht-Muttersprachler auf ein maximales Englisch-Level zu bringen.

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Auszüge aus dem Begleitmaterial

... worth one point each. The last question is worth more than one point. The directions state ...

... spread in the late 1970s to western Canada, Rotliegend and Carboniferous gas-bearing sandstones in Germany, Netherlands onshore and offshore gas fields, and the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea. Horizontal oil or gas wells were unusual until the 1980s. Then in the late 1980s, operators in Texas began completing thousands of oil wells by drilling horizontally in ...

... The real name here is actually induced hydraulic fracturing which releases natural gas for extraction. Basically a wellbore is drilled into the reservoir rock layers and it fractures them thus releasing the gas. The fracturing fluid varies in composition depending on the type of fracturing ...

... methods to extract these resources, such as conventional drilling or horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing is one of the key methods making their extraction economically viable. 8C. The multi- stage fracturing technique has facilitated the development of shale gas and light tight oil production in the United States and is believed to do so in the other countries with unconventional hydrocarbon resources. China is suspected ...

... water contamination, risks to air quality, migration of gases and hydraulic fracturing chemicals to the surface, mishandling of waste, and the health effects of all these, as well as its contribution ...

... c) energy rupture d) energy crisis Reading Passage Fracking ...

... sources of energy is a) limited to the United States b) primarily in the United States ...

... paragraph 2 refers to a) Wellbore b) Reservoir rock c) Natural ...

... d) Is a key method for extracting unconventional oil and gas resources. 11 Reading Passage ...

... used in paragraph 3 most likely means a) Tool ...

... c) The technical difficulties fracturing entails d) The reason why fracturing has prevailed in many countries and situations ...

... the following sentence could be added to paragraph 4. This has led to loud outcries in the ...

... leading role in regard to hydraulic fracturing and its usage. c) The United States supports the development of hydraulic fracturing in third world countries. d) The United States is leading the world community in ...

... implemented without harm. b) Fracking needs to be controlled and regulations developed for its further usage. c) Without the use of fracking we will not be ...

... the passage. This question is worth 2 points (2 points for 3 correct answers, 1 point for 2 correct answers, and 0 points for 1 or 0 correct answers). This passage discusses the usage ...

... 2.Fracking has been around for quite some time now but has only recently become prevalent due to its economic advantage. 3.Fracking must be regulated for it has negative impacts on the environment. 4. Realistically, fracking poses ...

... many points it is worth. You will now have 20 minutes to read the passage and ...

... Africa, and Central America. It is locally used as a cooking oil, exported for use in many commercial food and personal care products and is converted into biofuel. It produces up to 10 times more oil per unit area ...

... However, in some cases, land has been developed by oil palm plantations without consultation or compensation of the indigenous people occupying the land. This has occurred in Papua New Guinea, Colombia, and Indonesia. Appropriation of native lands has ...

... of large areas of rainforest for palm oil plantations. Many Indonesian and Malaysian rainforests lie atop peat bogs that store great quantities of carbon. Forest removal and bog drainage to make way for plantations releases this carbon. 4. Environmental groups claim that this deforestation produces far more emissions than biofuels remove. They identified Indonesian peat lands, unique tropical forests whose dense soil can be burned ...

... and the Sumatran Orangutan. Reduced biodiversity, including damage to biodiversity hotspots. Cultivating crops on land that belongs to indigenous people in the Sarawak and Kalimantan states on the island of ...

... 1 is closest in meaning to a) Scrubbing b) Cleansing ...

... impact. c) Palm oil should be banished from the world economy. d) Palm oil should be cultivated in poorer countries to offer the ...

... paragraph 4 mostly likely means a) Carbon receptacle b) Carbon reduction ...

... the natural habitat of endangered species. b) Palm oil has definite economic benefits for native populations. c) Palm oil should be ...

... population with employment. c) The harmful results to the environment d) The beneficial aspects of oil palms that convert carbon dioxide ...

... following sentence could be added to paragraph 2. Some inhabitants thus feel that cultural ...

... in more developed countries for biofuel use. c) If more biofuel were produced and sold, then palm oil would be a viable economic alternative. d) Basically, the deforestation process ...

... paragraph 5 most likely means a) Enhancement b) Extinction ...

... the efforts of the indigenous peoples and industry can we solve the imminent conflicts. d) The world-wide distribution and governmental support of biofuel is ...

... choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the passage because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas ...

... third world countries but also in industrial ones as well. 5. Palm oil has provided certain economic advantages to the peoples of third world countries. 6. Only by re-thinking the usage of palm ...

... to improve your reading skills ...

... Try summarizing the main points of the articles in a few simple sentences. Try to find out the meaning of new words from the context. Learning vocabulary: Two effective ways of learning new words are 1. Word clouds – ...

... The easiest questions are the reference ones – What does “it” refer to? Some vocabulary ones could be easy if you are good at POE – Process of elimination: eliminate the 2 silliest choices; then concentrate on the 2 close ones – use your ...

... of all of the following except a) Studying the dictionary b) Reading appropriate ...

... c) Trying to understand all the unknown words in the passage d) Using POE – ...

... worth one point each. The last question is worth more than one point. The directions state ...

... fracturing quickly spread in the late 1970s to western Canada, Rotliegend and Carboniferous gas-bearing sandstones in Germany, Netherlands onshore and offshore gas fields, and the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea. Horizontal oil or gas wells were unusual until the 1980s. Then in the late 1980s, operators in Texas began completing thousands of oil wells by drilling horizontally ...

... The real name here is actually induced hydraulic fracturing which releases natural gas for extraction. Basically a wellbore is drilled into the reservoir rock layers and it fractures them thus releasing the gas. The fracturing fluid varies in composition depending on the type of fracturing ...

... extract these resources, such as conventional drilling or horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing is one of the key methods making their extraction economically viable. The multi-stage fracturing technique has facilitated the development of shale gas and light tight oil production in the United States and is believed to do so in the other countries with unconventional hydrocarbon resources. China is suspected of ...

... water contamination, risks to air quality, migration of gases and hydraulic fracturing chemicals to the surface, mishandling of waste, and the health effects of all these, as well as its contribution to ...

... c) energy rupture d) energy crisis ...

... of energy is a) limited to the United States b) primarily in the United States ...

... c) shaving d) sawing ...

... 2 refers to a) Wellbore b) Reservoir rock c) Natural ...

... drilling d) Is a key method for extracting unconventional oil and gas resources ...

... in paragraph 3 most likely means a) Tool ...

... The technical difficulties fracturing entails d) The reason why fracturing has prevailed in many countries and situations ...

... sentence could be added to paragraph 4. This has led to loud outcries in the international community which ...

... a leading role in regard to hydraulic fracturing and its usage. c) The United States supports the development of hydraulic fracturing in third world countries. d) The United States is leading the world ...

... without harm. b) Fracking needs to be controlled and regulations developed for its further usage. c) Without the use of fracking we will not ...

... This question is worth 2 points ( 2 points for 3 correct answers, 1 point for 2 correct answers, and 0 points for 1 or 0 correct answers). This passage discusses the usage and ...

... 2. Fracking has been around for quite some time now but has only recently become prevalent due to its economic advantage. 3. Fracking must be regulated since it has negative impacts on the environment. 4. Realistically, fracking ...

... many points it is worth. You will now have 20 minutes to read the passage and ...

... and Central America. It is locally used as a cooking oil, exported for use in many commercial food and personal care products and is converted into biofuel. It produces up to 10 times more oil per unit area than soyabeans, rapeseed ...

... in some cases, land has been developed by oil palm plantations without consultation or compensation of the indigenous people occupying the land. This has occurred in Papua New Guinea, Colombia, and Indonesia. Appropriation of native lands has led ...

... large areas of rainforest for palm oil plantations. Many Indonesian and Malaysian rainforests lie atop peat bogs that store great quantities of carbon. Forest removal and bog drainage to make way for plantations releases this carbon. 4. Environmental groups claim that this deforestation produces far more emissions than biofuels remove. They identified Indonesian peat lands, unique tropical forests whose dense soil can be ...

... the Sumatran Orangutan. Reduced biodiversity, including damage to biodiversity hotspots. Cultivating crops on land that belongs to indigenous people in the Sarawak and Kalimantan states on the ...

... is closest in meaning to a) Scrubbing b) ...

... impact. c) Palm oil should be banished from the world economy. d) Palm oil should be cultivated in poorer countries to offer ...

... mostly likely means a) Carbon receptacle b) Carbon reduction ...

... the natural habitat of endangered species. b) Palm oil has definite economic benefits for native populations. c) Palm oil should ...

... with employment c) The harmful results to the environment d) The beneficial aspects of oil palms that convert carbon dioxide ...

... following sentence could be added to paragraph 2. Some inhabitants thus feel that cultural heritage ...

... oil in more developed countries for biofuel use. c) If more biofuel were produced and sold, then palm oil would be a viable economic alternative. d) Basically, the deforestation ...

... most likely means a) Enhancement b) Extinction c) ...

... efforts of the indigenous peoples and industry can we solve the imminent conflicts. d) The world-wide distribution and governmental support of biofuel is ...

... choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the passage because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in ...

... only in third world countries but also in industrial ones as well. 5. Palm oil has provided certain economic advantages to the peoples of third world countries. 6. Only by re-thinking the usage ...

... TOEFL test. But is designed to help you preparing for the vocabulary questions within the reading ...