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Nephrology: Foundations

Von Carlo Raj, MD, Pravin Shukle, MD, Mohammad Hajighasemi-Ossareh, MD, MBA

Dr. Carlo Raj and Dr. Pravin Shukle, both experts in preparing clinical students for their board exams in internal medicine, provide you with high-yield lectures and helping you to understand the essentials of Renal Pathology and Pharmacology.

Learn with high quality video lectures, supported by a variety of interactive quiz questions, topic reviews, clinical pearls and mnemonics.

Our goal is to help you to not just mindlessly memorize the facts, but to understand in depth the relevant concepts in Nephrologyin order to solve clinical vignettes for USMLE Step 2 or your NBME Shelf exam after your clinical rotation in internal medicine.

This course covers all exam-relevant topics of Renal Pathology and Pharmacology, which are:

  • Clinical application of renal blood flow
  • Renal Glucose Reabsorption
  • Renal tubular acidosis
  • Fluid maintenance and Types of IV fluids
  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Urinalysis
  • Renal Cystic Pathology
  • Nephritic Syndrome vs Nephrotic Syndrome
  • MPGN
  • Drugs in Hypertension management


Start learning today!

Inhalte

Renal Pharmacology

play symbol Introduction to High Blood Pressure Medication – Drugs in Hypertension
02:04
play symbol Diuretics – Drugs in Hypertension
08:44
play symbol Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone – Drugs in Hypertension
09:10
lecture locked Vasodilators – Drugs in Hypertension
06:29
lecture locked Alpha Agonists – Drugs in Hypertension
02:17
lecture locked Beta Blockers – Drugs in Hypertension
05:07
lecture locked Postganglionic Sympathetic Nerve Terminal Blockers and Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors – Drugs in Hypertension
01:21
lecture locked Lines of Therapy – Drugs in Hypertension
07:25
lecture locked Pulmonary Hypertension Medication – Drugs in Hypertension
12:14
lecture locked Questions and Case Studies – Drugs in Hypertension
05:27
Quiz zum Kurs „Renal Pharmacology“

Introduction to Renal Pathology

lecture locked Renal Patho-Embryology
06:46
lecture locked Horseshoe Kidney
03:36
lecture locked Unilateral Renal Agenesis
02:15
lecture locked Potter's Syndrome
06:08
Quiz zum Kurs „Introduction to Renal Pathology“

Renal Diagnostics

play symbol Introduction to Renal Blood Flow
08:40
lecture locked Renal Functional Anatomy
07:39
lecture locked Renal Corpuscle – Juxta-glomerular Apparatus
06:50
lecture locked Tubuloglomerular Feedback
02:58
lecture locked Changes in Glomerular Dynamics 1
12:09
lecture locked Changes in Glomerular Dynamics 2
08:59
lecture locked Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone-System
11:54
lecture locked Basics of Creatinine
07:13
lecture locked Clinical Application of Creatinine: Overview
08:00
lecture locked Creatinine Clearance – Clinical Application of Creatinine
05:25
lecture locked Causes of Increased and Decreased Ccr
07:41
lecture locked Experimental Calculations of Renal Function (Part 1)
13:45
lecture locked Overview and Calculations – Renal Glucose Transport and Reabsorption
21:02
Quiz zum Kurs „Renal Diagnostics“

Diseases of the Nephron

play symbol Overview: Proximal Vs. Distal Nephron
03:27
play symbol Tubular Transport by Nephron Segment
28:01
lecture locked Tubular Secretion
06:15
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Proximal Nephron
11:50
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Proximal Convoluted Tubular Mechanics
12:49
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Correlations
16:31
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Clinical Effects
09:14
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Pathology
07:05
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Fanconi Syndrome
06:26
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Hartnup Disease
06:15
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Type 2 (Proximal) RTA
03:52
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Tubular Transport
07:07
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Bartter and Gitelman Syndrome
07:54
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Antenatal Bartter Syndrome
11:01
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Gitelman Syndrome
06:10
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Transport Mechanism
03:16
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Different Channels in Different Ducts
03:51
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Role of Aldosterone
03:54
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Atpase Pump
02:55
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Other Renal Tubular Acidoses
09:39
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Conn's Syndrome
10:15
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Summary of Clinical Findings
07:28
Quiz zum Kurs „Diseases of the Nephron“

Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

play symbol Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Water & Sodium Pathophysiology
04:10
play symbol Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Changes in ECF Volume
05:51
lecture locked Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Plasma Osmolality (POsm)
12:45
lecture locked Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Clinical Volume Dynamics
23:16
lecture locked Isotonic, Hypotonic and Hypertonic Disorders
08:12
lecture locked Dehydration: Isotonic Fluid Disorders
06:02
lecture locked Hypotonic Fluid Disorders
12:00
lecture locked Dehydration: Summary of Isotonic and Hypotonic
04:33
lecture locked Hypertonic Fluid Disorders
11:51
lecture locked Review
04:13
lecture locked Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: Regulation of Water and Sodium Balance
01:26
lecture locked Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: Key Points
03:11
lecture locked Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: Regulation Wheels
06:30
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Overview
00:30
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Crystalloids
03:49
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Colloids
04:49
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Saline: Clinical Terminology
08:09
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Distribution of IVFs
06:23
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): IV Fluid: 'd5w'
03:22
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): IVFs Summary
09:53
Quiz zum Kurs „Fluid and Electrolyte Balance“

Urinalysis

play symbol Urinalysis: Introduction
17:23
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: pH & Protein
03:35
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Glucose & Ketones
07:20
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Bilirubin & Urobilirubin
08:22
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Diseases and Steps in Metabolism
05:13
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Blood & Nitrates
08:48
lecture locked Cells in Urine Sediment
04:10
lecture locked Casts in Urine Sediment
07:35
lecture locked Crystals in Urine Sediment
02:25
lecture locked Various Morphology on Urinalysis
07:27
Quiz zum Kurs „Urinalysis“

Cystic Diseases (Renal Cystic Pathology)

lecture locked Renal Dysplasia
02:40
lecture locked Autosomal Recessive Disease (Juvenile)
04:54
lecture locked Autosomal Dominant Disease
05:57
lecture locked Additional Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
03:45
Quiz zum Kurs „Cystic Diseases (Renal Cystic Pathology)“

Tubulointerstitial Diseases

play symbol Tubulointerstitial Pathology
08:58
lecture locked Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
03:30
lecture locked Chronic Kidney Disease
05:30
lecture locked Algorithm of Acute Renal Injury
13:40
lecture locked Urinalysis, Acute Renal Failure & Atheroembolism
03:48
lecture locked Chronic Renal Failure
05:30
lecture locked Pathophysiology of Renal Failure
07:31
lecture locked Acute Interstitial Nephritis
01:30
lecture locked Acute Tubular Necrosis
05:11
Quiz zum Kurs „Tubulointerstitial Diseases“

Glomerulonephritis

lecture locked Glomerular Disorders
05:59
lecture locked Electron Microscopy
04:27
lecture locked Pathogenesis of Glomerular Disease
06:35
lecture locked Mechanisms Producing Glomerular Disease
02:08
lecture locked Types of Glomerular Diseases
00:51
lecture locked Nephritic Syndrome
04:44
lecture locked IgA Glomerulopathy
04:35
lecture locked IgA Nephropathy
04:44
lecture locked Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
04:36
lecture locked Non-Streptococcal Acute Glomerulonephritis
02:21
lecture locked Alport Syndrome
00:52
lecture locked Diffuse Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
03:41
lecture locked Subendothelial IC Deposition Viewed With EM
01:22
lecture locked Rapidly Progressive Crescentic Glomerulonephritis
04:37
lecture locked Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis (rpgn) & Subtypes
05:59
lecture locked Goodpasture's Syndrome
03:21
lecture locked SLE Related Kidney Disease
04:13
lecture locked ANCA Associated Vasculitis
02:40
lecture locked Nephrotic Syndrome
05:16
lecture locked Minimal Change Disease
06:15
lecture locked Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
05:28
lecture locked Membranous Nephropathy
06:01
lecture locked Overview of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
01:54
lecture locked Classification of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
03:53
lecture locked Type I Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
04:27
lecture locked Type II Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
03:22
lecture locked Summary of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
02:51
lecture locked Diabetic Glomerulopathy esp. Kimmelstiel-Wilson Disease
10:40
lecture locked Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis and Renal Amyloidosis
03:08
Quiz zum Kurs „Glomerulonephritis“

(Nephrogenic) Diabetes Insipidus (DI)

play symbol Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Overview
05:11
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Etiology
10:02
lecture locked Actions of ADH: Diabetes Insipidus (DI)
06:38
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Management
12:29
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Differentials
04:55
Quiz zum Kurs „(Nephrogenic) Diabetes Insipidus (DI)“

SIADH

play symbol Regulation of ADH: Response to Water Deprivation
06:45
lecture locked Regulation of ADH: Adh Secretion
06:08
lecture locked Regulation of ADH: Volume Vs. Osmolarity
04:38
lecture locked Regulation of ADH: Significance of Clearance of Water
05:16
lecture locked Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)
07:32
Quiz zum Kurs „SIADH“

Nephrolithiasis

play symbol Role of Calcium
05:00
lecture locked Magnesium-Ammonia-Phosphate
03:07
lecture locked Uric Acid
03:09
lecture locked Clinical Correlation
02:23
lecture locked Shock Wave Lithotripsy
02:21
Quiz zum Kurs „Nephrolithiasis“
Quiz zum Kurs „Nephrology: Foundations“

Details

  • Enthaltene Vorträge: 136
  • Laufzeit: 14:38 h
  • Enthaltene Quizfragen: 638
  • Enthaltene Lernmaterialien: 33

Dozenten des Kurses Nephrology: Foundations

 Carlo Raj, MD

Carlo Raj, MD

Dr. Carlo Raj is a Physician and Lecturer at Becker’s Healthcare, in Illinois, USA, and the CEO and founder of Indus Intellect Virtual MedEd, a medical education consulting company.
He obtained his MD from Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and is an international lecturer and public speaker.
Within Lecturio, Dr. Raj teaches courses on Pathology.

 Pravin Shukle, MD

Pravin Shukle, MD

Dr. Pravin Shukle is a board certified specialist in internal medicine and currently works as an Independent Medical Practice Professional in Ontario, Canada.
He graduated from the University of Saskatchewan in 1994.
Dr. Shukle is an avid speaker and performs over 150 special lectures across the nation each year with various audiences ranging from the general public, to nurses, to physicians, to medical specialists.
Within Lecturio, he teaches courses on Pharmacology.

 Mohammad Hajighasemi-Ossareh, MD, MBA

Mohammad Hajighasemi-Ossareh, MD, MBA

Dr. Mohammad Hajighasemi-Ossareh, MD, MBA is a Vascular Neurologist at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California.
He obtained his Doctorate of Medicine (M.D.) and Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) degrees at the University of California.
He completed his General Neurology Residency at the LAC+USC Medical Center in Los Angeles and Vascular Neurology Fellowship at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
Currently, he operates the DocOssareh YouTube channel, providing education for pre-med and medical students.
Within Lecturio, Dr. Ossareh teaches courses in the Medical School Survival Guide.


Rezensionen

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Bravo!
von Arran W. am 14. August 2022 für Experimental Calculations of Renal Function (Part 1)

Mon ami, magnifique! Doesn't Require me ten words to say it.

 
Bravo!
von Arran W. am 12. August 2022 für Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Bartter and Gitelman Syndrome

Bravo Bien entendu, of course.  The pieces slowly coming together whith each lecture. Adh chemical from brain regulating water channels TAL upstream  DCT downstream concentration/dilute Salt/water Sure there is a canal chamber lock analogy here somewhere. These little grey cells.

 
Dr Raj alone is worth the lecturio subscription
von Kieffer D. am 03. August 2022 für Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Proximal Nephron

Dr. Raj is breaking this down and is the reason I will likely resub my lecturio. Clear, concise, and engaging.

 
Excellent!
von Jessica M. am 26. Juli 2022 für Tubular Transport by Nephron Segment

This is an excellent lecture that integrates other body systems and applies the effects to the kidneys. Understanding where and why all of the hormones act on the nephron was thoroughly and expertly explained. Very, very well done.