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Year 2 – Fundamentals – Semester 3: The Body: In Health and Disease

Von Joseph Alpert, MD, Geoffrey Meyer, PhD, Paul Moss, PhD u.a.

The curriculum shown here is mirrored from that of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. This means that you can now easily review and study content related directly to what YOU are learning in class, or to get a head start with what is coming up.
Curriculum information for Columbia was accessed here on 6/26/19: https://www.ps.columbia.edu/education/academic-programs/md-program/curriculum/md-curriculum

Inhalte

Infectious Diseases

CNS Infection—Infectious Diseases

play symbol Bacterial Meningitis: Definition
03:48
play symbol Bacterial Meningitis: Signs/Symptoms in Newborns & Younger Children
05:29
lecture locked Neisseria Meningitidis (Meningococcus): Signs & Symptoms
08:40
lecture locked Bacterial Meningitis: Diagnosis & CSF Findings
09:30
lecture locked Bacterial Meningitis: Management & Empirical Treatment When Gram’s Stain (-)
09:14
lecture locked Bacterial Meningitis: Prognosis
01:26
lecture locked Bacterial Meningitis: Etiology & MCV-4 Meningococcal Vaccine
08:09
lecture locked Encephalitis: Definition and Etiology
04:11
lecture locked Encephalitis: Vector-borne Viruses
04:49
lecture locked Encephalitis: Signs & Symptoms
04:15
lecture locked Encephalitis: Diagnosis
03:59
lecture locked Encephalitis: Supportive Management
03:43
lecture locked Brain Abscess: Etiology
12:20
lecture locked Brain Abscess: Pathology
02:58
lecture locked Brain Abscess: Signs & Symptoms
06:01
lecture locked Brain Abscess: Diagnosis
01:17
lecture locked Brain Abscess: Initial Management
05:48
Quiz zum Kurs „CNS Infection—Infectious Diseases“

Cardiovascular Infections

play symbol Infective Endocarditis (IE): Definition and Epidemiology
09:44
play symbol Infective Endocarditis (IE): Pathology
09:47
lecture locked Infective Endocarditis (IE): Etiology
05:16
lecture locked Infective Endocarditis (IE): Classification
02:53
lecture locked Infective Endocarditis (IE): Signs and Symptoms
08:29
lecture locked Microbiologic Dx
12:58
lecture locked Infective Endocarditis (IE): Management
04:57
lecture locked IE Management: Antibiotic Treatment
09:43
lecture locked IE Management: Other Procedures Requiring Antibiotic Prophylaxis
04:16
lecture locked IE Prognosis: Areas of Uncertainty
02:25
lecture locked Pericarditis: Epidemiology
06:02
lecture locked Pericarditis: Signs and Symptoms
05:28
lecture locked Pericarditis: Diagnosis
04:41
lecture locked Myocarditis: Definition and Epidemiology
05:58
lecture locked Myocarditis: Signs, Diagnosis & Management
04:22
Quiz zum Kurs „Cardiovascular Infections“

Upper Respiratory Infections

play symbol Acute Pharyngitis: Definition and Epidemiology
05:50
lecture locked Group A Streptococcus (GAS): Signs and Symptoms
11:54
lecture locked Group A Streptococcus (GAS): Diagnosis
10:14
lecture locked Acute Sinusitis: Definition and Pathology
08:47
lecture locked Acute Sinusitis: Microbiology and Epidemiology
06:55
lecture locked Acute Sinusitis: Management
08:06
lecture locked Acute Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection): Definition and Epidemiology
04:40
lecture locked Acute Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection): Etiology
04:45
lecture locked Acute Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection): Signs and Symptoms
05:21
lecture locked Acute Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection): Management
03:02
lecture locked Acute Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection): Etiology and Prognosis
02:59
lecture locked Influenza A: Definition and Etiology
04:45
lecture locked Influenza A: Pathology
05:05
lecture locked Influenza A: Epidemiology
06:27
lecture locked Influenza A: Signs, Symptoms & Transmission
07:56
lecture locked Influenza A: Management
04:24
lecture locked Influenza A: Etiology
04:48
Quiz zum Kurs „Upper Respiratory Infections“

Gastrointestinal Infections

play symbol Infectious Diarrhea and Food Poisoning: Definition & Epidemiology
10:37
play symbol Infectious Diarrhea: Diagnosis
05:30
lecture locked Watery Diarrhea: V. Cholerae/Cholera Toxin
04:34
lecture locked Watery Diarrhea: E. Coli
07:39
lecture locked C. Difficile Infection (Antibiotics)
12:15
lecture locked Acute Dysentery
07:57
lecture locked Enteric Fever (Typhoid Fever): Etiology
08:39
lecture locked Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome (HUS): Signs and Symptoms
04:42
lecture locked Acute Bacterial Diarrhea: Food-bacteria Associations
07:46
lecture locked Hepatitis: Definition and Epidemiology
04:27
lecture locked Hepatitis: Etiology
04:06
lecture locked Hepatitis: Pathology
09:36
lecture locked Hepatitis: Signs and Symptoms
09:41
lecture locked Hepatitis: Diagnosis and Management
08:38
lecture locked Hepatitis: Prevention
01:36
Quiz zum Kurs „Gastrointestinal Infections“

Genital and Sexually Transmitted Infections

play symbol Urethritis: Definition and Pathology
06:15
play symbol Gonorrhea: Signs, Symptoms & Diagnosis
05:58
play symbol Gonorrhea and Chlamydia Trachomatis: Management
06:06
lecture locked Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Definition and Pathology
05:07
lecture locked Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Signs and Symptoms
04:00
lecture locked Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Management and Etiology
05:21
lecture locked Syphilis – Definition and Pathology
04:54
lecture locked Primary and Secondary Syphilis
08:19
lecture locked Latent Syphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Syphilitic Meningitis & Meningovascular Syphilis
05:56
lecture locked Parenchymatous Syphilis and Tabes Dorsalis (Syphilitic Myelopathy)
05:54
lecture locked Cardiovascular Syphilis and Late Benign (Gummatous) Syphilis
06:35
lecture locked Syphilis: Diagnosis
06:20
lecture locked Syphilis: Therapy
04:07
lecture locked Chancroid: Definition and Pathology
03:33
lecture locked Chancroid: Signs and Symptoms
02:19
lecture locked Chancroid: Diagnosis and Therapy
02:57
lecture locked Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV): Definition
03:20
lecture locked Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV): Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis & Management
06:51
lecture locked Donovanosis (Granuloma Inguinale)
07:28
lecture locked Genital Herpes: Definition and Epidemiology
03:28
lecture locked Genital Herpes: Signs, Symptoms & Diagnosis
05:33
lecture locked Genital Herpes: Management and Etiology
03:10
lecture locked Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Definition and Pathology
09:33
lecture locked Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Signs, Symptoms & Opportunistic Infections
11:54
lecture locked Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Diagnosis and Management
12:00
lecture locked Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Prevention & Prognosis
07:04
lecture locked Genital Warts (Condyloma Acuminatum): Definition, Epidemiology & Etiology
02:56
lecture locked Genital Warts (Condyloma Acuminatum): Pathology, Signs & Symptoms
03:01
lecture locked Genital Warts (Condyloma Acuminatum): Diagnosis and Management
03:52
Quiz zum Kurs „Genital and Sexually Transmitted Infections“

Urinary Tract Infections

play symbol Cystitis: Definition, Epidemiology & Etiology
04:12
lecture locked Cystitis: Pathology, Signs & Symptoms
03:05
lecture locked Cystitis: Diagnosis and Management
05:40
lecture locked Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection) and Perinephric Abscess: Definition, Epidemiology & Etiology
04:57
lecture locked Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection) and Perinephric Abscess: Pathology, Signs & Symptoms
07:16
lecture locked Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection) and Perinephric Abscess: Diagnosis & Management
07:35
Quiz zum Kurs „Urinary Tract Infections“

Immune System

Immune System: Overview and Cells

play symbol Introduction: Pathogens and the Immune System
05:40
lecture locked Immune Response
07:25
lecture locked Strategies to Eliminate Pathogens
05:06
lecture locked Organization of the Immune System
05:07
lecture locked Cells of the Innate Immune Response
03:26
lecture locked Phagocytic Cells
07:23
lecture locked Dendritic Cells, Eosinophils, Basophils, Mast Cells and Innate Lymphoid Cells
04:05
lecture locked Cells of the Adaptive Immune System
00:55
Quiz zum Kurs „Immune System: Overview and Cells“

Innate Immune System

play symbol Introduction: The Innate Immune Response
02:41
lecture locked Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRRs)
06:59
lecture locked Inflammatory Signaling and Inflammasomes
05:20
lecture locked Acute Phase Response
07:19
lecture locked Acute Inflammation
04:50
lecture locked Chronic Inflammation
04:12
lecture locked Complement System
10:23
lecture locked Steps Following the Acute Inflammation
08:13
Quiz zum Kurs „Innate Immune System“

Adaptive Immune System

play symbol Recognition of Antigens – Lymphocyte Development
04:54
play symbol B-Cell Development in the Bone Marrow – Lymphocyte Development
12:52
lecture locked Immunoglobulin Genes and Recombination – Lymphocyte Development
08:48
lecture locked Mediation of Antigen Receptor Genetic Recombination – Lymphocyte Development
05:07
lecture locked Antibody Variable Region Diversity – Lymphocyte Development
04:46
lecture locked Junctional Diversity, N-Nucleotide Addition and Somatic Hypermutation – Lymphocyte Development
05:53
lecture locked Class Switch Recombination, Co-Expression and B-Cell Development – Lymphocyte Development
06:39
lecture locked T-Cell Development – Lymphocyte Development
06:48
lecture locked T-Cell Development in Thymus and Genetic Recombination of TCR – Lymphocyte Development
05:05
lecture locked Natural Killer T-Cells (NKT-Cells) – Lymphocyte Development
03:08
lecture locked Overview of Lymphoid Tissues – Lymphocyte Activation
00:57
lecture locked Secondary Lymphoid Tissues – Lymphocyte Activation
07:32
lecture locked Germinal Center – Lymphocyte Activation
03:02
lecture locked B- and T-Cell Activation – Lymphocyte Activation
04:36
lecture locked B-Cell Differentiation – Lymphocyte Activation
05:29
lecture locked Migration and Maturation of Interdigitating Dendritic Cells and T-Cell Differentiation – Lymphocyte Activation
05:53
lecture locked Costimulation – Lymphocyte Activation
04:02
lecture locked Introduction to Lymphocyte Recirculation – Lymphocyte Recirculation and Homing
01:20
lecture locked Blood/Lymphatic Circulation and High Endothelial Venules – Lymphocyte Recirculation and Homing
07:23
lecture locked Chemokines – Lymphocyte Recirculation and Homing
03:31
lecture locked Migration of Central Memory and Effector Memory T-Cells – Lymphocyte Recirculation and Homing
03:58
lecture locked Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAMs) – Lymphocyte Recirculation and Homing
03:59
lecture locked Trafficking and Homing – Lymphocyte Recirculation and Homing
09:07
lecture locked Introduction – Antigen Processing and Presentation
00:58
lecture locked Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) – Antigen Processing and Presentation
04:53
lecture locked Polymorphism and TCR Recognition of Major Histocompatibility Complex – Antigen Processing and Presentation
05:36
lecture locked Diversity of Major Histocompatibility Complex – Antigen Processing and Presentation
04:41
lecture locked Structure of Major Histocompatibility Complex – Antigen Processing and Presentation
06:37
lecture locked Main Pathways and Endogenous/Exogenous Antigens – Antigen Processing and Presentation
08:18
lecture locked Cross-Presentation – Antigen Processing and Presentation
02:46
lecture locked Presentation of Lipid Antigens by CD1 – Antigen Processing and Presentation
01:58
Quiz zum Kurs „Adaptive Immune System“

Humoral Immunity and Cell-Mediated Immunity

play symbol Introduction – Humoral Immunity
00:55
lecture locked T-Dependent, T-Independent Antigens and Class Switching – Humoral Immunity
04:05
lecture locked Structure of Antibodies and Immunoglobulin Domains – Humoral Immunity
08:15
lecture locked Antibody Polymers and Antibody Binding to Antigens – Humoral Immunity
06:17
lecture locked Function of Antibodies – Humoral Immunity
07:55
lecture locked Introduction – Cell-Mediated Immunity
02:50
lecture locked Gamma-Delta T-Cells, T-Cell Receptor and Alpha-Beta T-Cells – Cell-Mediated Immunity
07:20
lecture locked Th0, Th1 and Th2 Cells – Cell-Mediated Immunity
05:30
lecture locked Regulatory T-Cells, Cytotoxic T-Cells, Macrophages and Intraepithelial Lymphocytes – Cell-Mediated Immunity
06:48
lecture locked Cytokines, Interferons, Interleukins and Colony Stimulating Factors – Cell-Mediated Immunity
05:33
lecture locked Chemokines, Tumor Necrosis Factors and Transforming Growth Factors – Cell-Mediated Immunity
02:51
lecture locked Functional Modes of Cytokines and Cytokine Receptor Signaling – Cell-Mediated Immunity
04:25
lecture locked Therapeutic Blocking of Pathological Cytokines and Therapeutic Cytokines – Cell-Mediated Immunity
02:58
Quiz zum Kurs „Humoral Immunity and Cell-Mediated Immunity“

Immunodeficiency and Immune Deficiency Diseases

play symbol Introduction – Primary Immunodeficiency
05:17
lecture locked Complement Deficiencies – Primary Immunodeficiency
04:06
lecture locked Phagocytic Cell Disorders – Primary Immunodeficiency
05:18
lecture locked Autoinflammatory Disorders – Primary Immunodeficiency
02:25
lecture locked Mutations Affecting T-cell Maturation
02:17
lecture locked B-Cell Immunodeficiencies: Common Variable Immunodeficiency, X-linked Agammaglobulinemia and Selective IgA Deficiency – Primary Immunodeficiency
02:54
lecture locked T-Cell Immunodeficiencies: Hyper IgM Syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome and MHC Class II Deficiency – Primary Immunodeficiency
08:30
lecture locked Primary Immunodeficiencies Associated with Autoimmune Disease
03:21
lecture locked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) – Primary Immunodeficiency
04:23
lecture locked Diagnosis – Primary Immunodeficiency
03:54
lecture locked Treatment – Primary Immunodeficiency
02:37
lecture locked Introduction – Secondary Immunodeficiency
03:41
lecture locked Causes: Immaturity & Pregnancy – Secondary Immunodeficiency Diseases
05:09
lecture locked Causes: Aging & Infections – Secondary Immunodeficiency Diseases
04:03
lecture locked HIV Infection and HIV Life Cycle– Secondary Immunodeficiency Diseases
06:06
lecture locked HIV Disease: Clinical Course, Treatment & Prophylaxis – Secondary Immunodeficiency Diseases
06:33
Quiz zum Kurs „Immunodeficiency and Immune Deficiency Diseases“

Hypersensitivity and Autoimmune Disease

play symbol Introduction to Hypersensitivity
01:42
lecture locked Hypersensitivity: Types
04:42
lecture locked Hypersensitivity: Type 1 – Causes
07:18
lecture locked Allergy: Genetics and IgE
02:29
lecture locked IgE, Mast Cells and Eosinophils
04:40
lecture locked Allergy: Diagnosis, Therapy and Treatment of Asthma
06:11
lecture locked Hypersensitivity: Type 2
08:46
lecture locked Hypersensitivity: Type 3
02:32
lecture locked Hypersensitivity: Type 4
03:17
lecture locked Introduction to Autoimmune Diseases
02:14
lecture locked Immune Tolerance and Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE)
04:29
lecture locked Genetic Susceptibility to Autoimmune Diseases and Mechanisms
08:46
lecture locked Autoimmune Diseases: Types
03:25
lecture locked Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
04:56
lecture locked Goodpasture's Syndrome, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis, Graves' Disease and Type I Diabetes
06:31
lecture locked Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
03:11
lecture locked Acute Rheumatic Fever
01:02
lecture locked Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
03:18
lecture locked Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)
03:56
lecture locked Celiac Disease
01:59
lecture locked Autoimmune Diseases: Therapy
03:55
Quiz zum Kurs „Hypersensitivity and Autoimmune Disease“

Transplantation Immunology

play symbol Introduction to the Problems and Rules of Transplantation
04:28
lecture locked Allograft Rejection and Blood Transfusion
06:22
lecture locked Blood Transfusion
02:02
lecture locked Direct and Indirect Alloantigen Recognition
06:10
lecture locked Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) and MHC Disparity
06:47
lecture locked Tissue Typing, Immunosuppressive Drugs and GVHD
04:57
Quiz zum Kurs „Transplantation Immunology“

Tumor Immunology

play symbol Introduction to Tumor Immunology
00:45
lecture locked Leukemia, Lymphoma & Myeloma
05:30
lecture locked Immune Response to Tumors: Tumor Antigens and Antitumor Immunity
07:57
lecture locked Tumor-Infiltrating NK Cells
04:52
lecture locked Tumor Evasion of the Immune Response and Immune Checkpoint Blockade
02:42
lecture locked Monoclonal Antibodies and Nonspecific Immunotherapy
07:06
lecture locked Tumor Vaccines
03:38
Quiz zum Kurs „Tumor Immunology“

Vaccine Immunology

play symbol Introduction to Vaccination
05:15
lecture locked History of Vaccination
04:35
lecture locked Vaccine Components: Antigen, Carrier and Adjuvant
04:20
lecture locked Types of Vaccines (1): Live Attenuated Vaccines and Inactivated Vaccines
04:40
lecture locked Vaccination: Subunit Vaccines, Toxoid Vaccines, Look on Conjugate Vaccines
06:33
lecture locked Future Needs for Vaccines: Influenza, Malaria, Tuberculosis, HIV
08:02
Quiz zum Kurs „Vaccine Immunology“

Immunodiagnostics

play symbol Introduction to Immunodiagnostics
01:03
lecture locked Immunodiagnostic Methods: Agglutination, Nephelometry, Immunoprecipitation and Radial Immunodiffusion
04:13
lecture locked Electrophoresis and Western Blot
03:45
lecture locked Immunoassays: ELISA, RIA and Luminex™
04:57
lecture locked Immunofluorescence and Immunohistochemistry
03:38
lecture locked Flow Cytometry and Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorter (FACS)
06:16
lecture locked Evaluation of Cellular Activity
06:52
lecture locked Preparation of Antibodies
08:16
Quiz zum Kurs „Immunodiagnostics“

Cardiology

Cardiac Diseases

play symbol Definition – Heart Failure
06:27
play symbol Pathophysiology – Heart Failure
06:17
play symbol Types – Heart Failure
04:06
play symbol Causes and Symptoms – Heart Failure
07:58
lecture locked Testing on Patients and Therapy – Heart Failure
12:21
lecture locked Classification – Congenital Heart Disease
07:18
lecture locked Obstructive Congenital Heart Lesions – Congenital Heart Disease
07:09
lecture locked Congenital Heart Lesions – Congenital Heart Disease
17:05
lecture locked Conclusion – Congenital Heart Disease
03:03
lecture locked Anomalous Coronary Arteries – Congenital Heart Disease
16:55
lecture locked Changing Concepts – Valvular Heart Disease
05:06
lecture locked Aortic Stenosis – Valvular Heart Disease
08:36
lecture locked Bicuspid Aortic Valve – Valvular Heart Disease
03:18
lecture locked Aortic Sclerosis – Valvular Heart Disease
11:31
lecture locked Aortic Regurgitation – Valvular Heart Disease
04:55
lecture locked Mitral Stenosis – Valvular Heart Disease
07:52
lecture locked Tricuspid Regurgitation – Valvular Heart Disease
04:19
lecture locked Plaque – Coronary Artery Disease
09:24
lecture locked Acute Coronary Syndrome – Coronary Artery Disease
09:29
lecture locked Six Areas of Consensus – Coronary Artery Disease
15:31
lecture locked Four Areas of Controversy – Coronary Artery Disease
09:01
lecture locked Diseases of the Heart Muscle – Cardiomyopathy
06:30
lecture locked Dilated Cardiomyopathy – Cardiomyopathy
04:47
lecture locked Secondary Dilated Cardiomyopathy – Cardiomyopathy
10:50
lecture locked Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – Cardiomyopathy
07:03
lecture locked Restrictive Cardiomyopathy – Cardiomyopathy
07:18
lecture locked Therapy – Cardiomyopathy
03:43
lecture locked Reading Ecgs and Identifying Arrhythmias – Cardiac Dysrhythmia
03:57
lecture locked Conduction System – Cardiac Dysrhythmia
05:24
lecture locked Ecg Trace – Cardiac Dysrhythmia
04:12
lecture locked Sinus, Atrial and Ventricular Rhythm – Cardiac Dysrhythmia
17:28
lecture locked Reading Ecgs – Cardiac Dysrhythmia
05:12
lecture locked Complications of Hypertension – Hypertension
05:34
lecture locked Therapy – Hypertension
08:52
lecture locked Diuretics – Hypertension
06:00
lecture locked Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System – Hypertension
07:57
lecture locked Beta and Calcium Channel Blockers – Hypertension
04:10
lecture locked Other Forms of Therapy – Hypertension
04:30
lecture locked Cardiac Trauma
05:53
lecture locked Cardiac Tumors
02:28
Quiz zum Kurs „Cardiac Diseases“

Electrocardiogram (ECG) Interpretation

play symbol How to Read an Electrocardiogram (ECG): Introduction
09:22
play symbol Cardiac Action Potential
04:16
lecture locked Standard 12 Lead ECG
02:25
lecture locked Systematic ECG Interpretation
13:46
lecture locked ECG Case: 22-year-old Man with Anterior Chest Pain
01:40
lecture locked Review of Normal ECG
03:07
lecture locked ECG of Myocardial Infarction (MI): STEMI vs NSTEMI
05:23
lecture locked ECG of Inferior Myocardial Infarction (MI)
02:24
lecture locked ECG of Anterior Myocardial Infarction (MI)
03:45
lecture locked Abnormal Q Waves: ECGs of Healed Myocardial Infarction (MI)
03:21
lecture locked Abnormal T Waves: Differentiating Pericarditis from Myocardial Infarction (MI)
05:08
lecture locked ECG Case: 67-year-old Diabetic Man with Low Blood Pressure
02:02
lecture locked ECG Case: 17-year-old Man with Pressure Feeling under Sternum
01:41
lecture locked ECG of Ventricular Hypertrophy
12:07
lecture locked ECG of Atrial Enlargement
01:58
lecture locked ECG Case: 52-year-old Man with Shortness of Breath
02:01
lecture locked ECG Case: 44-year-old Woman with Shortness of Breath and Fatigue
01:52
lecture locked Review of Cardiac Conduction System
04:04
lecture locked Bundle Branch and Fascicular Blocks
08:58
lecture locked ECG Case: 70-year-old Man with Acute Anterior MI
02:29
lecture locked Sick Sinus Syndrome and Sinus Exit Block
04:12
lecture locked First-degree AV Blocks
01:40
lecture locked Second-degree AV Blocks
08:10
lecture locked Third-degree AV Blocks
01:40
lecture locked ECG Case: 88-year-old Man with Syncope
01:38
lecture locked Supraventricular Arrhythmias: Introduction
04:04
lecture locked ECG of Atrial Premature Beats
02:39
lecture locked ECG of Supraventricular Tachycardia
02:35
lecture locked ECG of Atrial Flutter and Fibrillation
04:44
lecture locked ECG of Nodale Extra Systoles
01:01
lecture locked ECG Case: 80-year-old Woman with Palpitations and Shortness of Breath
01:44
lecture locked Types of Pacemaker
11:55
lecture locked How to Read a Pacemaker ECG
01:57
lecture locked Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator (ICD) Pacemaker
03:10
lecture locked ECG Case: 77-year-old Man with Pacemaker
01:06
lecture locked ECG of Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC)
03:44
lecture locked ECG of Ventricular Tachycardia and Cardiac Arrest
03:09
lecture locked ECG of Torsades de Pointes
01:37
lecture locked ECG Case: 40-year-old Woman with 'Extra Heart Beats'
01:42
lecture locked Effects of Electrolyte Abnormalities on the ECG
07:37
lecture locked Effects of Drugs on the ECG
02:17
lecture locked ECG Case: 65-year-old Man with CRF Misses Dialysis
01:11
lecture locked How to Read an ECG: Conclusion
05:38
lecture locked Power ECG Case Session
14:59

Cardiovascular Cases

play symbol Cardiac Case: 57-year-old Man with Substernal Chest Pain
03:27
play symbol Cardiac Case: 62-year-old Woman with Fever and Epigastric Discomfort
05:37
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 44-year-old Man with Indigestion during Exertion
05:02
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 46-year-old Woman with Shortness of Breath when Walking
05:13
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 77-year-old Man with Shortness of Breath and Palpitations
03:59
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 76-year-old Man with COPD and Sudden Increase in Shortness of Breath
04:37
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 19-year-old Man with Central Chest Pain Worsening when Breathing
03:12
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 55-year-old Man with Sudden Anterior Chest Pain Radiating to Back
03:24
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 82-year-old Man with Syncope
02:43
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 54-year-old Woman with Breast Cancer and Dyspnea
03:39
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 45-year-old Man with Alcohol Intake after Minor Traffic Accident
04:54
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 21-year-old Woman with Fatigue and Shortness of Breath when Exercising
03:45
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 56-year-old Man with Dyspnea and Ankle Edema
03:03
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 86-year-old Woman with Shortness of Breath during Annual Checkup
03:12
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 72-year-old Man with Dyspnea at Rest and Inability to Lie Flat
03:33
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 18-year-old Woman with Murmur
02:58
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 68-year-old Woman with Murmur and Abmornal Heart Valve
04:01
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 24-year-old Man with Asymptomatic Murmur
04:10
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 67-year-old Woman with Cardiac Arrest
03:24
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 18-year-old Woman with Fast Heart Beat and Shortness of Breath
03:31
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 79-year-old Man with Pacemaker and Recent Dental Procedure
03:19
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 22-year-old Woman with Fever and Ankle Edema after Long-term Heroin Abuse
03:15
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 61-year-old Man with Substernal Chest Discomfort, Shortness of Breath and Diffuse Sweating
04:07
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 17-year-old Man with High Blood Pressure
03:56
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 42-year-old Woman with Joint Discomfort, Low Grade Fever, and Dyspnea
02:56
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 62-year-old Man with Shortness of Breath and Peripheral Edema
05:45
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 22-year-old Woman with Leg Edema, Dyspnea and Fatigue
04:33
lecture locked Cardiac Case: 38-year-old Woman with Shortness of Breath and Inability to Lie Flat after Childbirth
03:35
lecture locked Vascular Case: 72-year-old Man with Foot Pain and Gangrenous Left Hallux
04:58
lecture locked Vascular Case: 37-year-old Man with Elevated Blood Pressure after Motor Vehicle Accident
03:20
Quiz zum Kurs „Cardiovascular Cases“

Cardiology: Foundations

Cardiovascular Pathology

Cardiovascular Pharmacology

play symbol Introduction to High Blood Pressure Medication – Drugs in Hypertension
02:04
play symbol Diuretics – Drugs in Hypertension
08:00
play symbol Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone – Drugs in Hypertension
09:55
lecture locked Vasodilators – Drugs in Hypertension
06:48
lecture locked Alpha Agonists – Drugs in Hypertension
02:17
lecture locked Beta Blockers – Drugs in Hypertension
05:07
lecture locked Postganglionic Sympathetic Nerve Terminal Blockers and Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors – Drugs in Hypertension
02:29
lecture locked Lines of Therapy – Drugs in Hypertension
07:05
lecture locked Pulmonary Hypertension Medication – Drugs in Hypertension
02:21
lecture locked Questions and Case Studies – Drugs in Hypertension
05:34
lecture locked Introduction – Heart Failure and Angina Management
02:48
lecture locked Nitrates – Heart Failure and Angina Management
05:25
lecture locked Cardiac Depressants and Metabolic Modifiers – Heart Failure and Angina Management
02:22
lecture locked Inotropes – Heart Failure and Angina Management
05:26
lecture locked Vasodilators – Heart Failure and Angina Management
02:34
lecture locked Renin-Angiotensin Agents and Beta Blockers – Heart Failure and Angina Management
02:25
lecture locked Questions – Heart Failure and Angina Management
07:12
lecture locked Introduction – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
00:46
lecture locked Group 1: Sodium Channel Blockers – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
05:08
lecture locked Group 2: Beta Blockers – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
01:53
lecture locked Group 3: Potassium Channel Blockers – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
03:26
lecture locked Group 4: Calcium Channel Blockers – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
02:08
lecture locked Group 5: Other Antiarrhythmics – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
03:39
lecture locked Questions – Antiarrhythmic Drugs
03:51
lecture locked Introduction: Bile Acid Sequestrants, Niacin and Fibrates – Lipid Control
06:04
lecture locked HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors – Lipid Control
09:19
lecture locked Fat Absorption and MTP Inhibitors – Lipid Control
03:38
lecture locked PCSK9 Inhibitors – Lipid Control
07:55
lecture locked Questions – Lipid Control
03:44
Quiz zum Kurs „Cardiovascular Pharmacology“

Pulmonology

Pulmonology: Foundations

Respiratory Pathology

Respiratory Pharmacology

play symbol Asthma Medications
02:03
lecture locked Bronchodilators
03:08
lecture locked Corticosteroids
02:03
lecture locked Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists
01:38
lecture locked Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Release Inhibitors and IgE-Antibodies
01:51
lecture locked Asthma Medication Questions
02:19
Quiz zum Kurs „Respiratory Pharmacology“

Pleural Disease

play symbol Pleural Disease: Introduction
04:02
lecture locked Transudates vs. Exudates
05:04
lecture locked Unilateral Pleural Effusions
03:06
lecture locked Pleural Tap
02:31
lecture locked Pleural Biopsy
05:11
lecture locked Pneumothorax
06:30
lecture locked Tension Pneumothorax
04:03
lecture locked Empyema
06:23
lecture locked Pleural Thickening
01:55
lecture locked Asbestos Exposure and Pleural Disease
03:12
Quiz zum Kurs „Pleural Disease“

Other Respiratory Disorders

play symbol Disorders of Respiratory Physiology
05:05
lecture locked Adult Respiratory Distress Disorders
03:42
lecture locked Patterns of Acid-base Disorders
05:46
lecture locked Treatment of Type 2 Respiratory Failure
03:36
lecture locked Obstructive Sleep Apnea
07:20
lecture locked Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
02:51
lecture locked Chest Wall and Muscle Disease
03:17
Quiz zum Kurs „Other Respiratory Disorders“

Pulmonary Vascular Disease

play symbol Pulmonary Vascular Disease: Introduction
02:24
lecture locked Pulmonary Emboli
06:18
lecture locked Diagnosis of Acute PEs
04:24
lecture locked Treatment of PEs
02:05
lecture locked Pulmonary Hypertension
04:13
lecture locked Chronic PEs (Primary Pulmonary Hypertension)
06:11
lecture locked Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension
01:47
lecture locked Cor Pulmonale
03:21
lecture locked Pulmonary Vasculitis
05:19
Quiz zum Kurs „Pulmonary Vascular Disease“

Lung Cancer

play symbol Lung Cancer and Tumors: Overview
03:16
lecture locked Lung Cancer and Tumors: Pathogenesis
03:47
lecture locked Lung Cancer and Tumors: Presentation
04:04
lecture locked Local Invasion and Metastases
04:43
lecture locked Distal Metastases
01:54
lecture locked Paraneoplastic Syndromes
03:14
lecture locked Differential Diagnosis of Suspected Lung Cancer
01:43
lecture locked Investigation of Suspected Lung Cancer
03:47
lecture locked Lung Cancer and Tumors
04:33
lecture locked Lung Cancer Staging (TNM)
02:13
lecture locked Treatment: Curable and Incurable NSCLC
06:13
lecture locked Treatment: SCLC
02:54
lecture locked Mesothelioma: Presentation and Management
04:56
lecture locked Less Common Lung Tumors
04:28
lecture locked Lung Cancer and Tumors: Summary
02:29
Quiz zum Kurs „Lung Cancer“

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

lecture locked Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD): Overview
04:04
lecture locked Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD): Pathology
01:28
lecture locked Pulmonary Fibrosis
03:46
lecture locked Pulmonary Fibrosis: Signs and Investigation
02:37
lecture locked Pulmonary Fibrosis: Clinical Recognition and Ct Scans
02:47
lecture locked Pulmonary Fibrosis: Invasive Tests and Treatment
04:02
lecture locked Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
05:11
lecture locked Pneumoconiosis
02:45
lecture locked Sarcoidosis
06:01
lecture locked Sarcoidosis: Extrapulmonary Manifestations
05:00
lecture locked Sarcoidosis: Histological Confirmation
05:59
Quiz zum Kurs „Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)“

Airway Diseases

play symbol Asthma: Lower Airways Obstruction
07:05
play symbol Asthma: Clinical History
07:45
lecture locked Asthma: Subtypes and Diagnosis
06:44
lecture locked Asthma: Treatment
10:37
lecture locked Asthma: Acute Exacerbations
06:38
lecture locked Asthma: Complications
06:04
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Overview
07:36
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Symptoms
04:04
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Clinical Signs
04:49
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Tests and Investigations
06:12
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Treatment
05:59
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Acute Exacerbation
08:12
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Complications and Associations
03:41
lecture locked Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Summary
01:47
lecture locked Large Airways Obstruction: Causes
05:38
lecture locked Large Airways Obstruction: Investigation and Treatment
06:09
lecture locked Bronchiectasis: Overview and Causes
06:24
lecture locked Bronchiectasis: Presentation and Clinical Signs
04:02
lecture locked Bronchiectasis: Diagnosis and Treatment
05:19
lecture locked Cystic Fibrosis and Abpa
06:56
lecture locked Hemoptysis and Major Hemoptysis: Definition and Treatment
04:03
lecture locked Other Airways Diseases: Summary
01:26
Quiz zum Kurs „Airway Diseases“

Infections of the Respiratory Tract

play symbol Respiratory Tract Infections: Introduction
02:00
play symbol Respiratory Tract Infections: Classification
04:57
lecture locked Bronchitis
03:48
lecture locked Pneumonia: Overview
02:34
lecture locked Pneumonia: Classification
04:59
lecture locked Pneumonia: Signs and Symptoms
03:05
lecture locked Pneumonia: Diagnosis
11:22
lecture locked Pneumonia: Treatment
12:08
lecture locked Complications of Community Acquired Pneumonia
03:20
lecture locked Other Types of Pneumonia
04:22
lecture locked Bronchitis and Pneumonia: Summary
02:41
lecture locked Influenza Virus
06:48
lecture locked Subacute Lung Infections
02:22
lecture locked Tuberculosis: Epidemiology, Cause and Pathogenesis
03:50
lecture locked Tuberculosis Pathogenesis
06:15
lecture locked Clinical Manifestations and TB Case Histories
06:46
lecture locked Diagnosis of Tuberculosis
05:48
lecture locked Treatment of Tuberculosis
05:19
lecture locked Outcome of TB
02:37
lecture locked Influenza A and Tuberculosis: Summary
01:49
Quiz zum Kurs „Infections of the Respiratory Tract“

Nephrology

Renal Pharmacology

play symbol Introduction to High Blood Pressure Medication – Drugs in Hypertension
02:04
play symbol Diuretics – Drugs in Hypertension
08:00
play symbol Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone – Drugs in Hypertension
09:55
lecture locked Vasodilators – Drugs in Hypertension
06:48
lecture locked Alpha Agonists – Drugs in Hypertension
02:17
lecture locked Beta Blockers – Drugs in Hypertension
05:07
lecture locked Postganglionic Sympathetic Nerve Terminal Blockers and Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors – Drugs in Hypertension
02:29
lecture locked Lines of Therapy – Drugs in Hypertension
07:05
lecture locked Pulmonary Hypertension Medication – Drugs in Hypertension
02:21
lecture locked Questions and Case Studies – Drugs in Hypertension
05:34
Quiz zum Kurs „Renal Pharmacology“

Introduction to Renal Pathology

lecture locked Renal Patho-Embryology
06:46
lecture locked Horseshoe Kidney
03:33
lecture locked Unilateral Renal Agenesis
02:15
lecture locked Potter's Syndrome
06:08
Quiz zum Kurs „Introduction to Renal Pathology“

Renal Diagnostics

play symbol Introduction to Renal Blood Flow
08:40
lecture locked Renal Functional Anatomy
07:36
lecture locked Renal Corpuscle – Juxta-glomerular Apparatus
08:22
lecture locked Tubuloglomerular Feedback
02:58
lecture locked Changes in Glomerular Dynamics 1
12:09
lecture locked Changes in Glomerular Dynamics 2
10:46
lecture locked Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone-System
11:54
lecture locked Basics of Creatinine
07:13
lecture locked Clinical Application of Creatinine: Overview
08:00
lecture locked Creatinine Clearance – Clinical Application of Creatinine
05:25
lecture locked Causes of Increased and Decreased Ccr
07:40
lecture locked Experimental Calculations of Renal Function (Part 1)
13:45
lecture locked Overview and Calculations – Renal Glucose Transport and Reabsorption
21:02
Quiz zum Kurs „Renal Diagnostics“

Diseases of the Nephron

play symbol Overview: Proximal Vs. Distal Nephron
03:27
play symbol Tubular Transport by Nephron Segment
28:00
lecture locked Tubular Secretion
06:15
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Proximal Nephron
11:48
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Proximal Convoluted Tubular Mechanics
12:49
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Correlations
16:31
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Clinical Effects
09:12
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Pathology
07:14
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Fanconi Syndrome
06:23
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Hartnup Disease
06:15
lecture locked Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT): Type 2 (Proximal) RTA
03:52
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Tubular Transport
07:07
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Bartter and Gitelman Syndrome
08:06
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Antenatal Bartter Syndrome
11:01
lecture locked Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT): Gitelman Syndrome
06:10
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Transport Mechanism
03:16
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Different Channels in Different Ducts
03:51
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Role of Aldosterone
03:54
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Atpase Pump
02:53
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Other Renal Tubular Acidoses
09:39
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Conn's Syndrome
10:15
lecture locked Collecting Duct (CD): Summary of Clinical Findings
07:28
Quiz zum Kurs „Diseases of the Nephron“

Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

play symbol Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Water & Sodium Pathophysiology
04:08
play symbol Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Changes in ECF Volume
05:51
lecture locked Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Plasma Osmolality (POsm)
12:45
lecture locked Extracellular Fluid (ECF) and Intracellular Fluid (ICF): Clinical Volume Dynamics
23:28
lecture locked Dehydration: Isotonic, Hypotonic and Hypertonic Disorders
08:12
lecture locked Dehydration: Isotonic Fluid Disorders
06:33
lecture locked Dehydration: Hypotonic Fluid Disorders
12:00
lecture locked Dehydration: Summary of Isotonic and Hypotonic
04:33
lecture locked Dehydration: Hypertonic Fluid Disorders
11:51
lecture locked Dehydration: Review
04:13
lecture locked Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: Regulation of Water and Sodium Balance
01:23
lecture locked Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: Key Points
03:11
lecture locked Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: Regulation Wheels
06:30
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Overview
00:30
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Crystalloids
03:47
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Colloids
04:49
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Saline: Clinical Terminology
08:29
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Distribution of IVFs
06:21
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): IV Fluid: 'd5w'
03:23
lecture locked Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): IVFs Summary
09:53
Quiz zum Kurs „Fluid and Electrolyte Balance“

Urinalysis

play symbol Urinalysis: Introduction
17:23
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: pH & Protein
05:27
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Glucose & Ketones
07:20
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Bilirubin & Urobilirubin
08:22
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Diseases and Steps in Metabolism
05:13
lecture locked Chemical Dipsticks: Blood & Nitrates
08:48
lecture locked Cells in Urine Sediment
04:10
lecture locked Casts in Urine Sediment
07:38
lecture locked Crystals in Urine Sediment
02:50
lecture locked Various Morphology on Urinalysis
07:26
Quiz zum Kurs „Urinalysis“

Cystic Diseases (Renal Cystic Pathology)

lecture locked Renal Dysplasia
02:40
lecture locked Autosomal Recessive Disease (Juvenile)
04:54
lecture locked Autosomal Dominant Disease
06:19
lecture locked Additional Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
03:44
Quiz zum Kurs „Cystic Diseases (Renal Cystic Pathology)“

Tubulointerstitial Diseases

play symbol Tubulointerstitial Pathology
08:58
lecture locked Disturbance of Acute Renal Failure
07:41
lecture locked Phases of Acute Kidney Injury
05:58
lecture locked Algorithm of Acute Renal Injury
04:39
lecture locked Urinalysis, Acute Renal Failure & Atheroembolism
03:48
lecture locked Chronic Renal Failure
06:43
lecture locked Pathophysiology of Renal Failure
07:31
lecture locked Acute Interstitial Nephritis
01:56
lecture locked Acute Tubular Necrosis
05:15
Quiz zum Kurs „Tubulointerstitial Diseases“

Glomerulonephritis

lecture locked Glomerular Disorders
05:59
lecture locked Electron Microscopy
04:27
lecture locked Pathogenesis of Glomerular Disease
06:34
lecture locked Mechanisms Producing Glomerular Disease
02:08
lecture locked Types of Glomerular Diseases
00:51
lecture locked Nephritic Syndrome
04:42
lecture locked IgA Glomerulopathy
04:35
lecture locked IgA Nephropathy
00:44
lecture locked Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
09:25
lecture locked Non-Streptococcal Acute Glomerulonephritis
02:18
lecture locked Alport Syndrome
00:52
lecture locked Diffuse Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
03:39
lecture locked Subendothelial IC Deposition Viewed With EM
01:22
lecture locked Rapidly Progressive Crescentic Glomerulonephritis
05:16
lecture locked Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis (rpgn) & Subtypes
07:07
lecture locked Goodpasture's Syndrome
03:21
lecture locked SLE Related Kidney Disease
04:08
lecture locked ANCA Associated Vasculitis
04:17
lecture locked Nephrotic Syndrome
05:19
lecture locked Minimal Change Disease
06:13
lecture locked Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
05:28
lecture locked Membranous Glomerulonephritis
10:11
lecture locked Overview of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
01:54
lecture locked Classification of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
05:42
lecture locked Type I Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
04:27
lecture locked Type II Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
03:22
lecture locked Summary of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN)
02:55
lecture locked Diabetic Glomerulopathy esp. Kimmelstiel-Wilson Disease
10:40
lecture locked Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis and Renal Amyloidosis
03:08
Quiz zum Kurs „Glomerulonephritis“

(Nephrogenic) Diabetes Insipidus (DI)

play symbol Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Overview
05:11
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Etiology
09:59
lecture locked Actions of ADH: Diabetes Insipidus (DI)
06:38
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Management
12:25
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus (DI): Differentials
05:08
Quiz zum Kurs „(Nephrogenic) Diabetes Insipidus (DI)“

SIADH

play symbol Regulation of ADH: Response to Water Deprivation
06:45
lecture locked Regulation of ADH: Adh Secretion
08:11
lecture locked Regulation of ADH: Volume Vs. Osmolarity
04:38
lecture locked Regulation of ADH: Significance of Clearance of Water
05:16
lecture locked Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)
06:56
Quiz zum Kurs „SIADH“

Nephrolithiasis

play symbol Role of Calcium
05:02
lecture locked Magnesium-Ammonia-Phosphate
03:07
lecture locked Uric Acid
05:04
lecture locked Clinical Correlation
02:23
lecture locked Shock Wave Lithotripsy
02:34
Quiz zum Kurs „Nephrolithiasis“

Endocrinology

Thyroid Disorders

play symbol Review of Thyroid Physiology
02:36
play symbol Thyroid Case: 38-year-old Woman with Insomnia, Anxiety and Hair Loss
01:40
lecture locked Hyperthyroidism and Thyrotoxicosis
02:20
lecture locked Thyroid Storm with Case
02:36
lecture locked Graves Disease
05:05
lecture locked Types of Thyroiditis with Case
03:37
lecture locked Toxic Adenoma and Multinodular Goiter with Case
03:31
lecture locked Hyperthyroidism – Summary
02:11
lecture locked Thyroid Nodules
03:19
lecture locked Thyroid Cancer with Case
04:51
lecture locked Thyroid Case: 52-year-old Woman with Weight Gain, Fatigue and Poor Concentration
01:52
lecture locked Hashimoto's Thyroiditis and Subclinical Hypothyroidism
04:00
lecture locked Euthyroid Sick Syndrome with Case
01:53
lecture locked Myxedema Coma with Case
03:13
lecture locked Hypothyroidism – Summary
01:33
Quiz zum Kurs „Thyroid Disorders“

Pituitary and Hypothalamic Disorders

play symbol Review of Hypothalamic and Pituitary Physiology
03:37
play symbol Pituitary Case: 54-year-old Man with Fatigue and Joint Pain
03:07
lecture locked Acromegaly
03:14
lecture locked Pituitary Case: 28-year-old Woman with Amenorrhea and Nipple Discharge
01:58
lecture locked Hyperprolactinemia
04:25
lecture locked Pituitary Case: 53-year-old Man after Transsphenoidal Resection of Pituitary Adenoma
01:51
lecture locked Syndrome of Inappropriate ADH (SIADH)
02:05
lecture locked Pituitary Case: 48-year-old Woman with Weight Gain, Easy Bruising, and Hypertension
01:28
lecture locked Cushing Syndrome and Cushing Disease
08:32
lecture locked Summary: Pituitary Hormone Excess
01:35
lecture locked Pituitary Case: 51-year-old Man with Severe Headache
03:35
lecture locked Hypothalamic and Pituitary Hormone Deficiency
05:49
lecture locked Pituitary Case: 28-year-old Woman with Excessive Thirst and Urination
02:08
lecture locked Diabetes Insipidus and Pituitary Tumors
06:22
Quiz zum Kurs „Pituitary and Hypothalamic Disorders“

Adrenal Gland Disorders

play symbol Review of Adrenal Excess and Adrenal Deficiency
03:20
lecture locked Adrenal Case: 25-year-old Man with Severe Pulsatile Headache
02:08
lecture locked Pheochromocytoma
05:03
lecture locked Adrenal Case: 38-year-old Man with Hypertension
02:58
lecture locked Primary Hyperaldosteronism
02:15
lecture locked Adrenal Case: 68-year-old Man with Nausea, Lightheadedness, Back and Abdominal Pain
04:11
Quiz zum Kurs „Adrenal Gland Disorders“

Diabetes Mellitus

play symbol Types of Diabetes
04:53
play symbol Diabetic Case: 9-year-old Girl with Thirst, Weight Loss, and Frequent Urination
04:08
play symbol Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
03:54
lecture locked Honeymoon Phase with Case
03:49
lecture locked Diabetic Case: 47-year-old Woman with Pain on Urination, Frequent Urination, and Urine Urgency
02:43
lecture locked Diabetic Case: 61-year-old Man with Weight Gain
01:31
lecture locked Prediabetes
02:41
lecture locked Diabetic Case: 36-year-old Primigravid Woman for Antenatal Care
01:17
lecture locked Gestational Diabetes
02:08
lecture locked Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Patient Education and Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose
03:07
lecture locked Dawn Phenomenon with Case
01:54
lecture locked Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) Monitoring and Non-pharmacologic Approaches
02:54
lecture locked Bariatric Surgery with Case
03:17
lecture locked Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Rational Management
01:19
lecture locked Type 1 Diabetes Management with Case
06:28
lecture locked Diabetic Case: 19-year-old Man with Type 1 DM
02:01
lecture locked Diabetic Case: 75-year-old Man on Insulin Therapy
02:20
lecture locked Diabetic Case: 49-year-old Man with Elevated HbA1c
02:19
lecture locked Non-insulin Diabetes Mellitus Medications with Case
06:02
lecture locked Basal-bolus Insulin Therapy with Case
02:27
lecture locked Diabetic Ketoacidosis with Case
02:51
lecture locked Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome (HHS) with Case
03:24
lecture locked Comparing Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome (HHS) and Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
10:11
lecture locked Diabetes Mellitus: Chronic Complications
06:08
lecture locked Diabetic Neuropathy with Case
04:55
lecture locked Diabetic Foot Ulcers with Case
03:26
lecture locked Hypoglycemia with Case
04:14
lecture locked Insulinoma (Whipple's Triad) with Case
03:47
Quiz zum Kurs „Diabetes Mellitus“

Metabolic Bone Disorders

play symbol Hypercalcemia and Review of Calcium Homeostasis
07:32
lecture locked Bone Metabolism Case: 68-year-old Woman with High Serum Calcium Level
02:27
lecture locked Primary Hyperparathyroidism
06:14
lecture locked Bone Metabolism Case: 71-year-old Man with Shortness of Breath
02:21
lecture locked Hypercalcemia: Types and Management
07:24
lecture locked Hypocalcemia: Causes and Clinical Features
02:35
lecture locked Iatrogenic Hypoparathyroidism with Case
03:16
lecture locked Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) with Case
01:53
lecture locked Hypocalcemia: Management
03:54
lecture locked Osteoporosis with Case
04:47
lecture locked Osteomalacia with Case
02:55
lecture locked Paget's Disease with Case
03:14
Quiz zum Kurs „Metabolic Bone Disorders“

Reproductive Endocrine Disorders

play symbol Reproductive Endocrinology: Course Overview
00:39
lecture locked Reproductive Case: 17-year-old Woman with Absence of Menarche
02:04
lecture locked Primary and Secondary Amenorrhea
05:04
lecture locked Reproductive Case: 34-year-old Woman with Hirsutism
01:51
lecture locked Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
03:10
lecture locked Female Infertility
04:34
lecture locked Male Hypogonadism with Case
06:02
lecture locked Male Infertility
02:17
lecture locked Gynecomastia with Case
02:49
lecture locked Reproductive Case: 6-year-old Girl with Vomiting and Poor Feeding
01:45
lecture locked Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)
04:07
Quiz zum Kurs „Reproductive Endocrine Disorders“

Endocrinology: Foundations

Endocrine Pharmacology

play symbol Insulin – Diabetes Medications
02:59
lecture locked Insulin Types & Glycemic Excursions – Diabetes Medications
04:12
lecture locked Secretagogues and Biguanides – Diabetes Medications
04:47
lecture locked Metformin, Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors and Thiazolidinediones — Diabetes Medications
05:40
lecture locked DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Analogues — Diabetes Medications
04:30
lecture locked SGLT2 Inhibitors – Diabetes Medications
07:07
lecture locked Questions – Diabetes Medications
10:04
lecture locked Overview – Adrenal Pharmacology
00:44
lecture locked Mineralocorticoids and Glucocorticoids – Adrenal Pharmacology
07:20
lecture locked Catecholamines – Adrenal Pharmacology
02:57
lecture locked Questions and Case Studies – Adrenal Pharmacology
04:01
Quiz zum Kurs „Endocrine Pharmacology“

Reproductive Hormone Disorders

play symbol Control of Adult Male Hormonal Secretion
06:53
lecture locked Leydig and Sertoli Cells
03:30
lecture locked Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Gonadal (HPG) Axis
07:43
lecture locked Hypogonadism
03:13
lecture locked Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Gonadal (HPG) Axis Differentials
05:06
lecture locked Male Hypogonadism
05:55
lecture locked Gynecomastia
04:56
lecture locked Erectile Dysfunction & Peyronie's Disease
08:30
lecture locked Diagnoses of Reproductive Syndromes & Deficiencies
17:12
lecture locked Hermaphroditism
03:03
lecture locked Diagnoses of Reproductive Hormone Disorders– Reproductive Pathology
10:38
lecture locked 5-Alpha Reductase Deficiency
02:46
lecture locked Antiandrogen (Androgen Receptor Antagonists)
02:50
Quiz zum Kurs „Reproductive Hormone Disorders“

Male Reproductive System Diseases

play symbol Introduction to Male Reproductive Pathology
04:02
lecture locked Penis Disorders: Types and Clinical Representation
13:25
lecture locked Cryptorchidism
03:58
lecture locked Varicocele
06:10
lecture locked Testicular Torsion
02:47
lecture locked Scrotal Mass, Congenital- & Acquired Hydrocele and Spermatocele
03:28
lecture locked Testicular Cancer
02:38
lecture locked Types of Germ Cell Tumors (GCT)
06:36
lecture locked Types of Non Germ Cell Tumors
01:35
lecture locked Prostatitis (Prostate Infection): Types
08:06
Quiz zum Kurs „Male Reproductive System Diseases“

Breast Disease

play symbol Breast Abnormalities
02:36
lecture locked Mastitis: Inflammation of the Breast
05:20
lecture locked Breast Cancer: Mammographic Signs
02:23
lecture locked Fibrocystic Breast Change
07:30
lecture locked Types of Fibrocystic Change
05:17
lecture locked Benign Breast Conditions: Overview of Types
04:40
lecture locked Fibroadenoma
01:40
lecture locked Intraductal Papilloma
01:46
lecture locked Morphology of Breast Carcinoma
03:20
lecture locked Types of Non-Invasive Breast Cancer
03:06
lecture locked Clinical Anatomy of Breast Cancer
03:06
lecture locked Types of Invasive Breast Cancer
04:27
lecture locked Breast Cancer: Epidemiology & Risk Factors
04:03
lecture locked Breast Cancer Classification
08:45
Quiz zum Kurs „Breast Disease“

Pregnancy Complications

play symbol Miscarriage/Spontaneous Abortion
01:17
lecture locked Ectopic Pregnancy
04:13
lecture locked Placental Abnormalities
06:55
lecture locked Abruptio Placentae
00:58
lecture locked Preeclampsia
02:59
lecture locked Hydatidiform Mole
07:10
lecture locked Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD)
01:39
Quiz zum Kurs „Pregnancy Complications“

Ovarian Diseases

play symbol Benign Cysts
01:34
lecture locked Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOS)
07:39
lecture locked Ovarian Tumors
01:59
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Epithelial Tumors
07:00
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Endometrioid Tumors
00:53
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Germ Cell Tumors
02:35
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Maturing Teratoma
03:26
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Dysgerminoma
01:04
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Endodermal Sinus Tumor
01:06
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Choriocarcinoma
01:24
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors & Granulosa-Theca Tumor
05:32
lecture locked Types of Ovarian Tumors: Metastatic Ovarian Tumors
01:58
Quiz zum Kurs „Ovarian Diseases“

Uterine and Fallopian Tube Disease

play symbol Anatomy of the Normal Uterus
01:39
lecture locked Causes of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
03:43
lecture locked Anovulatory Cycle
03:19
lecture locked Endometrial Polyp
00:31
lecture locked Leiomyoma vs. Leiomyosarcoma
03:22
lecture locked Endometrial Hyperplasia
02:45
lecture locked Endometrial Adenocarcinoma
02:40
lecture locked Endometriosis
08:50
lecture locked Inflammation of the Fallopian Tube
01:35
lecture locked Tumors and Cysts in the Fallopian Tube
01:40
Quiz zum Kurs „Uterine and Fallopian Tube Disease“

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

play symbol Candidiasis
02:12
lecture locked Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
01:35
lecture locked Trichomonas Vaginalis
01:39
lecture locked Gardnerella Vaginalis
02:34
lecture locked Treponema Pallidum and Primary Syphilis
01:42
lecture locked Secondary, Tertiary and Congenital Syphilis
05:21
lecture locked Haemophilus Ducreyi – Morphology
01:07
lecture locked Chlamydia Trachomatis
01:49
lecture locked Neisseria Gonorrhea
03:39
lecture locked Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
02:26
Quiz zum Kurs „Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)“

Disorders of Vulva, Vagina and Cervix

play symbol Introduction to Female Reproductive Pathology esp. the Vulva
01:01
lecture locked Vestibular Glands: Bartholin Cyst & Vestibular Adenitis
01:31
lecture locked Lichen Sclerosus and Lichen Simplex Chronicus
04:24
lecture locked Condyloma Acuminatum
02:44
lecture locked Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia & Extramammary Paget´s Disease
04:49
lecture locked Vaginal Cancer
02:43
lecture locked Normal Cervix
01:50
lecture locked Cervical Histology
03:15
lecture locked Cervical Cancer: Pathogenesis
06:06
lecture locked Cervical Cancer: Risk Factors
05:23
Quiz zum Kurs „Disorders of Vulva, Vagina and Cervix“

Bone Disease

play symbol Osteoporosis: Introduction & Causes
03:31
lecture locked Osteoporosis: Risk Factors
02:20
lecture locked Osteoporosis: Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis
05:20
lecture locked Osteoporosis: Treatment and Management
05:29
lecture locked Paget's Disease of Bone
10:55
Quiz zum Kurs „Bone Disease“

Parathyroid Gland Disorders

play symbol Overview of Calcium Metabolism Disorders
08:36
play symbol Hypercalcemia: Definition & Clinical Manifestation
03:53
lecture locked Hypercalcemia: Types & Causes
05:35
lecture locked Primary Hyperparathyroidism & Effects of Hyperparathyroidism
05:08
lecture locked Clinical Features of Primary Hyperparathyroidism & Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica
03:20
lecture locked Management of Primary Hyperparathyroidism
03:24
lecture locked Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism (THPT)
05:50
lecture locked Diagnosis of Hypercalcemia and Knowledge Check
04:31
lecture locked Treatment of Severe Hypercalcemia
01:41
lecture locked Hypocalcemia: Differential Analysis of Causes
04:16
lecture locked Hypoparathyroidism
03:57
lecture locked Pseudohypoparathyroidism
02:47
lecture locked Acute Hypocalcemia
03:33
lecture locked Vitamin D Deficiency: Vitamin D Production and Effects
02:04
lecture locked Rickets
02:28
lecture locked Differential Analyses of Vitamin D Dysfunction and Deficiency
04:35
lecture locked Interpretation of Serum Calcium and Serum Phosphate Levels
01:43
Quiz zum Kurs „Parathyroid Gland Disorders“

Pancreatic Disease & Diabetes

play symbol Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) – Enteroendocrine Tumors
06:55
play symbol Gastrinoma – Enteroendocrine Tumors
03:08
play symbol Glucagonoma (Alpha Cell Tumor) – Enteroendocrine Tumors
00:59
lecture locked VIPoma – Enteroendocrine Tumors
02:02
lecture locked Endocrine Pancreas and Control of Insulin – Endocrine Pancreatic Hormones
08:04
lecture locked Glucose Homeostasis – Endocrine Pancreatic Hormones
03:44
lecture locked Mechanism of Insulin Action & Types of Metabolism – Endocrine Pancreatic Hormones
05:56
lecture locked Glucagon: Actions and Effects from α-Cells – Endocrine Pancreatic Hormones
03:13
lecture locked Overview of Diabetes Mellitus – Hyperglycemia
05:04
lecture locked Types of Diabetes Mellitus – Hyperglycemia
10:35
lecture locked Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus – Hyperglycemia
04:12
lecture locked Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – Hyperglycemia
06:02
lecture locked Secondary Diabetes Mellitus – Hyperglycemia
06:14
lecture locked Metabolic Syndrome – Hyperglycemia
01:18
lecture locked Pathogenesis of Diabetes Mellitus – Hyperglycemia
04:48
lecture locked Acute and Chronic Diabetes Complications
04:28
lecture locked Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) – Diabetes Complications
13:17
lecture locked Hyperosmolar Non-Ketotic State – Diabetes Complications
02:38
lecture locked Diabetic Retinopathy (Diabetic Eye Disease) – Diabetes Complications
06:35
lecture locked Diabetic Nephropathy (Diabetic Kidney Disease) – Diabetes Complications
04:17
lecture locked Diabetic Neuropathy: Autonomic Neuropathy – Diabetes Complications
10:59
lecture locked Diabetes Skin Manifestations: Acanthosis Nigricans and Necrobiosis Lipoidica – Diabetes Complications
02:06
lecture locked Insulin: Therapy and Types – Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
09:41
lecture locked Somogyi Effect & Dawn Phenomenon – Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
02:31
lecture locked Treatment of Insulin Overdose – Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
04:57
lecture locked Oral Agents for Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 – Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
09:06
lecture locked Glucose Monitoring: Glucometer and Hemoglobin A1C – Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
01:36
Quiz zum Kurs „Pancreatic Disease & Diabetes“

Adrenal Gland Disorders

play symbol Introduction & Hypothalamus – Adrenal Cortex
17:58
play symbol Overview of the Adrenal Gland – Adrenal Cortex
04:09
lecture locked Cortisol and Aldosterone Synthesis – Adrenal Cortex
05:15
lecture locked Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone-System (RAAS) – Adrenal Cortex
09:35
lecture locked Adrenal Incidentalomas – Adrenal Cortex
03:27
lecture locked Hyperaldosteronism
09:51
lecture locked Hypoaldosteronism
07:10
lecture locked Introduction to Cortisol and Hypercortisolism – Adrenal Gland
07:29
lecture locked Introduction to Cushing’s Syndrome – Adrenal Gland
17:50
lecture locked Screening Tests for Hypercortisolism – Adrenal Gland
05:50
lecture locked Management of Cushing’s Syndrome – Adrenal Gland
03:39
lecture locked Adrenal Insufficiency: Definition & Etiology
07:40
lecture locked Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome & Addison´s Disease – Adrenal Insufficiency
07:32
lecture locked Diagnosis – Adrenal Insufficiency
09:19
lecture locked Glucocorticoids in Pharmacology – Adrenal Insufficiency
01:31
lecture locked Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) – Adrenal Insufficiency
09:05
lecture locked Sympathoadrenal System and Catecholamine – Adrenal Medulla
04:41
lecture locked Pheochromocytoma – Adrenal Medulla
09:35
lecture locked Hereditary Disorders: Von-Hippel-Lindau Syndrome, Sturge-Weber-Syndrome, Neuroblastoma, MEN2A & MEN2B – Andrenal Medulla
05:33
Quiz zum Kurs „Adrenal Gland Disorders“

Thyroid Gland Disorders

play symbol Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Thyroid Axis (HPT-Axis)
07:19
play symbol Thyroid Hormone Function
18:51
lecture locked Thyroid Function Tests
02:58
lecture locked Euthyroid Hyperthyroxinemia – Euthyroid Conditions
08:54
lecture locked Euthyroid Hypothyroxinemia – Euthyroid Conditions
07:20
lecture locked Differential Diagnoses & T3-Resin Uptake – Euthyroid Conditions
06:43
lecture locked Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
03:59
lecture locked Introduction & Graves' Disease – Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
10:09
lecture locked Graves' Disease: Treatment – Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
07:26
lecture locked Thyroiditis – Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
13:10
lecture locked Amiodarone Induced Thyroiditis – Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
04:51
lecture locked Thyroid Storm & Subclinical Hyperthyroidism – Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
11:41
lecture locked Introduction – Hypothyroidism
09:39
lecture locked Hashimoto’s Disease – Hypothyroidism
03:12
lecture locked Cretinism – Hypothyroidism
05:26
lecture locked Diagnostic Tests – Hypothyroidism
05:30
lecture locked Goiter and Thyroid Nodules
06:22
lecture locked Thyroid Adenomas and Thyroid Carcinomas
07:15
lecture locked Types of Thyroid Carcinoma
09:19
lecture locked Maternal-Fetal Thyroid Pathology
11:36
lecture locked Differential Diagnoses – Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
05:36
Quiz zum Kurs „Thyroid Gland Disorders“

Pituitary Gland Disorders

play symbol Actions of ADH
05:24
lecture locked Dysregulation of ADH
04:02
lecture locked Central Diabetes Insipidus
09:43
lecture locked SIADH: Clinical Presentation
08:08
lecture locked SIADH: Diagnosis and Treatment
07:18
lecture locked Arginine Vasopressin (AVP) Differential Diagnoses
14:16
lecture locked Cell Types
03:47
lecture locked Types of Peptide Hormones
11:25
lecture locked Hypothalamic Hormones
10:13
lecture locked Hypopituitarism
12:35
lecture locked Pituitary Apoplexy and Sheehan’s Syndrome
04:08
lecture locked Pituitary Sellar Masses
09:24
lecture locked Hyperprolactinemia
20:52
lecture locked Control of Growth Hormone Release
11:26
lecture locked Acromegaly (Growth Hormone Excess)
10:14
Quiz zum Kurs „Pituitary Gland Disorders“

Introduction to the Endocrine System